Antioxidants: Protectors Against Free-Radicles

Antioxidants protect against oxidative stress

Antioxidants are substances that fight free radicals in the human body. People know that every nutrient is essential to perform different functions of the body and maintain the overall health of individuals. However, apart from nutrients, other compounds are also vital for the normal functioning of the body.

Antioxidants enable your body to fight free radicals and protect the body against oxidative stress. Moreover, these compounds are essential for fighting off diseases. Another benefit of these compounds is that they delay or prevent cellular damage and reduce the process of aging.

Free Radicles And Antioxidants  

Free radicles are substances that are produced as a by-product of various reactions that occur in the human body. These by-products damage the cells and tissues of the body. Due to their highly reactive nature, the free-radicles react with almost every compound or molecule they come in contact with. 

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Such reactions disturb the balance of molecules. Moreover, they convert an active-effective substance into an inactive-ineffective substance and render it useless. Furthermore, free radicles can generate other harmful substances in the body and damage various organs, tissues, and cells. 

These compound formulations can occur in response to environmental stressors. Exposure to direct sunlight, cigarette smoke, and pollutants are all environmental stressors that cause free radicle production. Anti-oxidants fight these substances to protect the human body.

Chemically speaking, free radicles formulate when atoms in the body either loses or gains electrons. Moreover, free-radicles usually steal an electron from the surrounding cells making the outer body of the cell unstable. Cellular function alteration damage may proceed to tissue damage. Furthermore, the damage caused by free-radicles is called oxidative stress. 

Families Of Antioxidants, And Foods Containing Them

Antioxidants are present in many food items naturally. Moreover, some vitamins like vitamin C, E, and beta-carotene also act like free-radicle fighters. 

There are thousands of types of antioxidants that include some vitamins, alkaloids, minerals, carotenes, terpenes, flavonoids, and curcumins. Furthermore, other families include catechins, tannins, anthocyanins, lignans, glucosides, and many other compounds. 

According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, eating an antioxidant-rich diet enhances overall health conditions. Moreover, consuming such a diet enables the immune system to better fight against chronic diseases.

Some foods that contain healthy compounds in the form of vitamins and minerals are leafy green vegetables, berries, nuts, spices, and coffee or caffeine products. 

Fruits And Vegetables You Must Add Into Your Diet

Leafy green vegetables are rich in nutrients, and they also contain high concentrations of free-radicle fighters. You can eat them by adding them into sandwiches, smoothies, salads, and you can mix them with mashed potatoes.  

Consuming leafy green vegetables provides antioxidants that promote the functioning of the immune system. Furthermore, they improve digestion and overall health.

Berries are amazingly rich in nutritious fruits that you can consume whenever you want. Most individuals eat them as the topping of desserts or pancakes during breakfast. 

There are various types of berries with plenty of benefits. These berries include raspberries, blueberries, and blackberries, which you can blend with water and make a juice or syrup of berries at home.

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Spices, Nuts, And Coffee

Spices are an excellent source of free-radicle fights. They add flavor to dishes and provide many benefits. However, the type of antioxidant varies depending upon the type of species. 

Nuts and coffee beans contain phenols and hydro-oxy-cinnamic acids. Coffee contains several powerful antioxidants that make coffee consumption good for health. Moreover, white tea, green tea, black tea, and oolong tea are some of the various types of teas containing free-radicle fighters. 

Nuts contain omega-3 and omega-6 and are also a rich source of antioxidants. You can consume them by blending them in smoothies or eating them as snacks. 

Healthy food rich in vitamins, nutrients, and antioxidants boosts the immune system and promotes overall health

About the author

Adeena Tariq Lari

The author is a graduate of dental surgery from the Dow University Health Sciences, Karachi. She has an academic background in content writing as well as English literature, giving her an edge in the field. Adeena is always curious about physical and mental health. She is always passionate about research and delivering high-quality reliable content to users.

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