Coronavirus pandemics affect everyone, a few COVID-19 patients recovered while others lost their battle against SARS-COV-2 infection. In 2020, multiple researchers and scientists worked day and night to discover new information about the virus. Moreover, timely research and technology use enable many biotechnological companies and pharmaceutical companies to formulate vaccines.
Yet, uncertainties do arise as the COVID-19 strains evolve or mutate to new forms. The Journal BMJ Case Reports issues warnings regarding the possibility of occurrence of coronavirus infection twice in the same individual. Moreover, doctors and scientists are working to find the reason for the recurrence of the infection.
However, there are other possibilities due to which an individual may suffer from COVID-19 infection twice. According to BMJ Case Reports, a person suffered from coronavirus infection twice, and between the two separate bouts of SARS-COV-2, there was a 4-month gap with no symptoms of SARS-COV-2-infection. Apart from that, the individual had negative test results for coronavirus during the last four months.
Doctors suggest that there is a possibility that individuals experience severe infections first, and later milder-infection occurs.
Doctors Think Of Two Separate Infections Of COVID-19
Either the COVID-19 infects individuals twice separately, or the reinfection occurs by some hidden virus within the body that becomes active after some time. Whatever the case is, it is recoverable in some cases. Moreover, very few people develop separate bouts of coronavirus infection. Furthermore, it is uncertain whether symptoms occur due to virus shedding or genuine reinfection.
The author, who warns individuals through the BMJ Case Reports, mentions the condition of a man of age 40 years. The man suffered from a severe COVID-19 infection in April 2020. Upon admittance, to the hospital with proper care and medicines, the individuals recovered.
His condition was critical as he had type-2 diabetes and an underactive thyroid gland. He was obese, and due to severe infection, he had difficulty breathing and stridor. Moreover, the individual requires mechanical ventilation because of the development of respiratory failure.
Among his medicines, there were blood thinners and multiple other drugs for treating COVID-19 infection. He remains in hospital for two months. Moreover, apart from the coronavirus infection, he developed multiple complications due to his condition.
The complications include the development of hospital-acquired infections (MRSA), renal failure, and gastrointestinal bleeding. He also developed ventilator-associated pneumonia.
Four months later, he showed symptoms of milder coronavirus infection, and for recovery he spent a day in the hospital. His test results indicate no signs of coronavirus infection since his discharge from the initial severe-infection.
But when 1 test result came positive, he was in hospital in isolation. After two weeks, he requires hospitalization again. The third stay in hospital lasts for a week.
Doctors suggest that the reoccurrence of COVID-19 infection is due to residual immunity from the first severe infection.
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What Do The Author suggest?
CDC is the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. According to the author, an individual can get positive COVID-19-test results, within 90 days after recovery from the initial-infection. This infection occurs due to viral shedding and not because of genuine reinfection.
The new cases of SAR-COV-2 infection indicate that there is a high possibility that individuals will develop reinfections of coronavirus. Furthermore, viral shedding from severe COVID-19-infection is not the reason for prolonged positive test results.
Individuals feel weak after recovering from the coronavirus infection. The presence of antibodies and the extent to which these antibodies remain in an individual’s body is unclear. COVID-19 antibodies do protect an individual that recovered from a severe initial coronavirus infection.
Still, once the antibodies are no longer acting or present after recovery from SARS-COV-2 infection, the individual becomes more susceptible to reinfection. Furthermore, it is essential to follow precautionary measures at every cost.