Menstrual Cycle-All A Woman Needs To Know

Abnormal Menstrual cycle

The menstrual cycle comprises 38 days. It begins with the first day of your last menstruation to the occurrence of the next menstruation. If there are any variations in the durations or if the cycle is longer than 38 days, the menstrual cycle is considered irregular. 

Women nowadays are subjected to problems in their menstrual cycle. Excessive bleeding during menstruation is a common issue. Irregular and excessive menstrual bleeding occurs due to irregular ovulation. 

Moreover, the absence of ovulation leads to no periods. On the other hand, if periods begin, its duration varies as well as heavy bleeding occurs. The condition is known as menorrhagia in the medical language. 

The Obvious Signs of Menstrual Cycle Abnormalities

Menorrhagia is a condition where a woman undergoes abnormally heavy menstruation. Furthermore, the menstrual cycle lasts longer. Various factors contribute to menorrhagia, involving heavy, abnormal, and prolonged bleeding.

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Various factors resulting in prolonged periods include hormonal imbalances due to an underlying health condition. 

Menorrhagia is diagnosed with the help of numerous signs and causative agents. Common disease signs experienced by the patient include excessive menstrual bleeding and prolongation of the menstrual cycle to more than seven days. 

Moreover, the menstrual flow may be accompanied by a blood clot, experiencing unbearable, constant pain in the lower abdomen, and heavy menstrual bleeding that refrains you from doing your routine stuff done in a lively manner.

Furthermore, fatigue, breathlessness, and lack of energy is another sign of menorrhagia. 


What Elevates The Risk Of Abnormalities In Menstrual Cycle? 

Heavy menstrual flow and irregular bleeding occur due to various factors. A woman may experience an abnormality in her menstrual cycle due to stress and hormonal imbalances. Moreover, intense changes in meals and sleeping routines also lead to menstrual irregularities. 

Menstrual cycles are dynamic in behavior, as the duration of periods and the heaviness of menstrual flow, as well as the associated symptoms, can fluctuate. 

 Some of the fundamental causative agents resulting in heavy bleeding and irregularity in the menstrual cycle are enlightened in this article. 


Pregnancy is the most common cause of heavy and irregular menstrual flow. Confirmation of pregnancy is concurrent with missing periods. Moreover, an abnormal pregnancy leads to irregularity in menstrual bleeding.

Moreover, women with miscarriage are at a higher risk of menstrual abnormalities. Furthermore, ectopic pregnancy influences the mother’s menstrual bleeding.  

The patient must be examined at the spur of the moment to confirm the condition. Otherwise, consult the physician immediately for further medical guidance.


Another cause of abnormal bleeding is hormonal birth control. Consumption of birth control pills is essential to control unwanted childbirth. However, it impacts women’s bodies negatively. For instance, women may undergo irregular menstruation. 

Moreover, hormonal pills lead to spotting between menstruation as well as lead to much lighter periods. Furthermore, the birth control device, the intrauterine device also comprises of hormones. It can lead to irregular periods or even heavy periods and a longer menstrual cycle.

Lactating Mothers

Women at breastfeeding often miss their periods. The hormone Prolactin is responsible for the production of breast milk. Moreover, this hormone suppresses reproductive hormones. Ultimately, leading to very light periods or total absence of the menstrual cycle in the lactating mothers who are breastfeeding their infants. 


The transition period before entering the menopause state is called perimenopause. Perimenopause occurs at the age of mid-40s. However, its occurrence varies from woman-to-woman depending on the discharge of hormones. Some women may enter perimenopause earlier than their mid-40s. 

Irregular bleeding occurs before entering the menopause phase. The bleeding may be heavy or less than usual.


Irregular periods are a common sign of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). Women undergoing PCOS may miss bleeding or have heavy menstrual flow if periods occur. Furthermore, women with missing periods will later experience extensions of periods. 

Moreover, women at PCOS must consult a physician as soon as possible. Furthermore, a physician confirms diagnosis. Moreover, PCOS patients can start treatment or medication therapy after confirmation of diagnosis.  

Problematic Thyroid Gland

Many women are facing thyroid gland issues. Hyperthyroidism patients are those who have elevated levels of thyroid hormones. These patients may get lighter and shorter menstruation. 

Moreover, it is essential for these women to consult the physician immediately. Furthermore, they can start with their medication and hence avoid complications. 

Uterine Fibroids

Muscular tumor formation may occur in the uterine wall, a condition known as fibroids. Women of childbearing age are at risk of developing these non-cancerous growths. Furthermore, many studies make evident that fibroids may occur on account of obesity and family history. 

Unfortunately, the development of these non-cancerous cells triggers painful menstruation as well as leads to heavy bleeding. Painful menstruation is called dysmenorrhea in medical terminology. Furthermore, it disturbs the menstrual cycle.

 Blood Thinners

Women who are on blood-thinning medications also experience various menstrual abnormalities. Anticoagulant therapy fluctuates with menstrual flow. Thus, women administering blood-thinning drug products are at a higher risk of experiencing irregular menstrual bleeding.

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The Right Time For Consultation To Avoid Menstrual Cycle Abnormalities

Hormonal imbalances or serious health complications are the underlying cause of menorrhagia. If a woman experiences abnormally heavy bleeding or any irregularity in her menstrual cycle, then it is the right time to see your doctor immediately. 

Moreover, the appearance of numerous other signs indicates the necessity to get your doctor’s advice. It involves experiencing bleeding during sexual intercourse, after the occurrence of the menopause phase, and bleeding during the months of pregnancy. 

Furthermore, if a woman gets her menstrual bleeding twice in a month, it calls for a physician’s consultation. 

Conclusively, it is essential to get the physician’s advice to overcome abnormal menstruation. Moreover, the patient must show a commitment to follow the treatment regimen provided by the physician. Furthermore, the therapy can be successful in achieving the desired outcome only if the patient follows the treatment plan. 

Furthermore, the patient must ensure to get a healthy, nutritious diet. In addition to fulfilling the nutritious requirements, the patient must not be stressed upon something. 

Following proper routine aids in keeping a check on your sleep-wake cycles, thus ensuring good health.  



Sophia Oliver
The author is a nutrition and dietician graduate who works as a health freelance content writer and as well as a copy editor. Along with other novels, Sophia has also published about many health-related technologies, advancements, and physical fitness. Being an all-rounder makes her stand out in the line.