The first case of coronavirus infection occurrence in a human appeared in 1965. The coronaviruses exist in animals mostly. However, seven coronaviruses can infect humans. Furthermore, in the last quarter of 2020, a new strain of the coronavirus appeared. This strain COVID-19 causes the severe acute respiratory syndrome. Moreover, like other viral infections, people may need to live alongside COVID-19.
Viral Infections and COVID-19
A virus is a pathogen capable of causing disease in the human body. A virus is a submicroscopic infectious agent that replicates and grows only inside the living cells of the host. Moreover, the host can be a bacteria, a plant, an animal, or a human. There are two types of viruses. These are DNA viruses and RNA viruses. Furthermore, the study of viruses is called virology. Virology includes the study of sub-types, morphology, life cycle, and many other aspects of the virus.
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The viral antigen infects host cells and uses the genetic material of the host to form viral components. These viral components assemble to form new viruses within the host cell. Later the host cell burst to release the newly formed viruses.
Furthermore, these viruses affect other host-cells. Thus, as a result, the host body develops an infection and becomes weak. Every virus is a specific target site or host cell to which it infects. The HIV-virus affects a type of lymphocytes and causes AIDS. Likewise, hepatitis viruses HAV, HBV, and HCV, affect different types of liver cells. Furthermore, we don’t know which tissue-cells are affected by COVID-19. However, the organ that receives maximum damage is the liver.
Possible Treatments For Viral Infections
Symptoms vary for each viral infection depending upon the virus. However, some symptoms are similar in viral infections like body pains, fatigue, and fever. The treatment for each viral infection is per the condition of the patient and the disease progression. Treatments for known viral infections include immunizations, medicines for managing the symptoms, analgesics, and eliminating the source of virus exposure.
Moreover, a cure for some viral infections exists. But for others, there is no cure. Furthermore, practicing precautionary measures in daily lives, adopting a healthy lifestyle can lower your risk of developing a viral infection.
COVID-19 infection possible treatment is a vaccine or antibody therapy. Other treatment methods are in progress. However, people may need to co-exist with COVID-19. Furthermore, the number of cases of coronavirus infection after curfews or lock down is increasing. There are other viral infections that nations have successfully eradicated.
However, some viral infections become endemic. An endemic disease is the one that exists in certain areas or populations only. Like developed countries successfully eradicates the poliovirus but it is endemic in the developing world. Similarly, some nations are more prone to certain viruses.
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Is It Possible To Eradicate Viral Diseases?
When you get infected with a virus, you develop immunity against it. The immune system, with the help of a type of white blood cell, records sufficient information regarding the virus. Furthermore, in the case of the second invasion by the virus, your immune system immediately identifies the virus and attacks it. Thus, the virus will no longer be able to cause damage to your body. However, studies indicate that your immunity may decrease with time. Scientists do not know for how long an individual develops immunity against a virus.
The virus may mutate. Furthermore, the body, despite immunity from vaccination or active immunization, becomes unable to detect the presence of a new strain of the virus. You can see it in the case of the influenza virus, which mutates every year. Thus, to renew the influenza vaccine every year. Considering these factors, it is impossible to entirely clean out the world from the existence of a virus or viral disease. Thus, the most likely outcome for COVID-19 is that it will become an endemic disease.