Asthma Patients Risk Mental Disorders By Montelukast

Asthma patients risks mental disorders
Credit: rxisk.org

Every drug has some risks and some benefits. The side-effects of every medicine vary from individual-to-individual. The FDA is responsible for all drug-related issues. Looking at previous cases of Montelukast prescriptions in asthma patients, the FDA now requires a boxed warning.

Furthermore, this boxed warning for Singulair highlights the potentially fatal side effects of the label. One of the side effects is lethal as it causes suicidal thoughts, especially in children.

Asthma

The lungs are the main-organ of the respiratory system. Alveoli acts as a functional unit of the lung. Air exchange between lungs and blood vessels occurs at alveoli sites. Thus, enabling oxygen to enter the blood and carbon dioxide to leave.

Asthma develops due to allergic reactions. These allergic reactions can have multiple sources. Some people are allergic to pollen grains, dust mites, smoke, smog, and other airborne allergens. Some people develop asthma due to some physical activity, exposure to cold air, stress, beer, wine, beverages, and dried fruits.

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However, sometimes certain medicines initiate allergic reactions in your body. Moreover, beta-blockers, aspirin, and NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen sodium, are capable of causing asthma in their users.

Asthma is a chronic condition in which, due to excessive production of mucus, the bronchioles and air-sacs become blocked. The airways become narrow and swell. Moreover, inflammation occurs at the alveoli level.

Thus, the patient experiences difficulty breathing and starts coughing. Furthermore, the production of whistling sounds and shortness of breath occurs. However, the impact of asthma on health varies from person to person. For some, it is a minor nuisance. For others, it is life-threatening.

Allergic Reactions

Allergic reactions are also known as hypersensitivity reactions. Moreover, allergic reactions occur when the immune system overreacts to harmless substances called allergens. Allergens are substances that induce hypersensitivity in the skin, nose, eyes, respiratory, and gastrointestinal tract upon contact. Allergens can enter the body via inhalation, swallowing, or injection.

The symptoms of an allergic reaction vary from person-to-person. They also vary according to the degree of exposure to the allergen. Furthermore, at first exposure, allergic symptoms may be mild.

However, upon repeated exposure, the symptoms get worse. Mild allergy symptoms include itchy red spots on the skin, nasal congestion, rash, and scratchy throat. Some people experience watery and itchy eyes.

Furthermore, severe allergic reaction symptoms include body pains, abdominal pain, chest tightness, difficulty in swallowing, and heart palpitations. In the case of asthma, a person may experience wheezing, weakness, palpitations, unconsciousness along-with other symptoms of allergy.

There is no permanent treatment for allergic reactions and asthma. However, controlling the symptoms is possible. Medicines like antihistamines, bronchodilators, steroids, and leukotriene antagonists help to control the symptoms. Furthermore, each drug belonging to these drug-classifications has its side-effects.

Mental Health Side-effects And FDA Warning

Montelukast was first approved for prescription by the FDA in 1998 for controlling and preventing hay fever and asthma in adults and children. It does contain mental health issues under its side-effects, but considering the seriousness of these symptoms, the FDA wants to highlight these side-effects in a boxed warning.

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The FDA states to-do-so before the COVID-19 outbreak, due to an increase in the number of suicide reports relating to montelukast use.

Furthermore, the FDA recommends not using the drug as first-line therapy for the treatment of asthma and allergies. Marketing of montelukast is under the brand name Singulair . It has the potential of inducing suicidal thoughts. Moreover, its usage has resulted in the death of many children. Apart from suicide, other side-effects include anxiety, depression, memory loss, disorientation, and being unable to concentrate.

Furthermore, some other side-effects include insomnia, dream abnormalities, hallucinations, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and stuttering.

The FDA recommends telling patients about these mental health side-effects before initiating montelukast therapy. Furthermore, if a person develops these side-effects, then after consulting a doctor, the person can stop taking medicine. Some people also develop mental health side-effects because of using asthma and allergy medicine after stopping the treatment.

Sophia Oliver
The author is a nutrition and dietician graduate who works as a health freelance content writer and as well as a copy editor. Along with other novels, Sophia has also published about many health-related technologies, advancements, and physical fitness. Being an all-rounder makes her stand out in the line.