Mental health is essential for improvement on an individual level as well as on the community level. But the prevailing situation due to pandemics, social distancing, and lockdown implementation has significantly raised mental health conditions across the globe. Economic crises, a rise in inflammation, social and emotional breakdowns lead to multiple psychotic disorders.
The feeling of loneliness, emptiness, and hopelessness leads to the development of psychotic disorders. Mental disorders and psychotic disorders include depression, bipolar disorders, schizophrenia, and other psychoses.
This article puts light on the complications of psychotic disorders. New research enables the diagnosis of various mental defects through a blood test.
Exploring Psychotic Disorders
An alarming situation, the psychotic disorder occurs due to abnormal thinking, perception behavior, or abusive relationships. Psychotic patients create their world and lose touch with reality. They experience hallucinations and delusions. Hallucination includes false perceptions like hearing, seeing, or feeling which are not there.
Whereas experiencing delusions are false beliefs, which state that someone wants to murder you or is stalking you. Adding to it, you may feel that TV is sending you messages.
Psychotic depression is a common mental disorder. About 264 million people around the world are suffering from depression. It is more common in women than in men. Schizophrenia is also a chronic mental disorder that is affecting 20 million people globally. It severely affects educational and occupational activity. Schizophrenia patients may suffer from schizoaffective, schizophreniform, and brief psychotic disorders.
The schizoaffective problem includes symptoms of schizophrenia combined with a mood disorder. If schizophrenia symptoms last for a shorter period of time, between 1 – 6 months, it’s called a schizophreniform disease. The brief psychotic disorders are a sudden response to very stressful events.
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Psychotic disorders are capable of making the patient harm himself or others. It requires hospitalization of the patient. Due to these disorders, suicide has become the second leading cause of death, especially among 15-29-year-olds. Furthermore, people with mental health issues die prematurely. Alcohol, some drugs, brain tumors, brain infections, and stroke can also cause mental disorders.
However, early diagnosis makes it possible to treat psychotic disorders effectively. Antipsychotic drugs and sessions with a psychiatrist are beneficial in the treatment of psychotic drugs. Antipsychotics can be in a liquid state or solid pill form. It can also be in the form of injection.
Diagnose Mental Disorders Effectively
Researchers from the RCSI University of Medicine and Health Sciences published their study in the current edition of JAMA psychiatry. In their research, they monitor and test specific proteins in blood samples of people with mild or psychotic symptoms. Along with that, the monitoring of the individuals took place for several years. This monitoring helps to analyze the percentage of individuals who develop psychotic disorders.
According to the study, there are some proteins that can foretell the risk of developing psychotic disorders. Most of these proteins are involved in inflammation. Thus, suggesting that specific changes start to occur in people, which later on lead to the development of a psychotic disorder.
This research was successful in predicting how mental disorders occur in 93% of cases. Furthermore, the study also correctly identifies those who wouldn’t develop psychotic disorders in 80% of cases.
Professor David Cotter is the study’s senior and corresponding author and professor of molecular psychiatry at RSCI. He reported that they aimed to prevent psychotic disorders. To do so, they require successfully identifying individuals who are at risk of developing a psychotic disorder.
This is possible with the help of machine learning and analysis of protein levels in blood samples. However, further investigation and research are to be conducted to practice this novel study officially.