Less Medication Helps Regulate High Blood Pressure – Stay Alert!

Less Medications Help Regulate High BP
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The pressure that pumps blood throughout the body is blood pressure. The normal value for a healthy person is 120/80 mm Hg. If the systolic pressure rises above 130mm Hg and diastolic rises above 100mm Hg the person is suffering from elevated blood pressure levels. 

Common practice involves the use of multiple medications to treat such chronic conditions. This is known as polypharmacy, which aggravates numerous problems. 

Researchers are on an urge to discover ways to reduce the use of multiple blood circulation and pressure control pills. It’s also known as deprescribing.

Polypharmacy and Its Many Complications

Prescribing multiple medications for the same disease is Polypharmacy. Older people usually suffer from multiple diseases at a time. Thus, requiring multiple medicines for their respective disease. Taking multiple medicines becomes tiresome.

Furthermore, memorizing the dosage, dose frequency, storage conditions and precautionary measures for a bulk of medicines is a tough job especially for an older patient. Moreover, correct administration of all the medicines is a hurdle for some of the older patients.

The risk of side effects and drug interactions increases due to polypharmacy.

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Increased blood pressure issues are very common across the globe. People become victims of hypertension without any age limit. The Framingham Heart Study shows that over 90% of middle-aged people are at risk of hypertension.

60% of the patients take medication to lower their blood pressure. In the past years, hypertension patients were treated with multiple medications. But now researchers are emphasizing upon deprescribing. 

Is Your Blood Pressure Actually Normal? 

A recent study called OPTIMISE trial later got published in JAMA. The study aimed to reduce multiple medications in elderly hypertension patients. 

In 2017, The American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) published their most recent guidelines. Defining optimal blood pressure as less than 120/80mm Hg. They recommend a target of 130/80mm Hg for patients taking medicines which keep pressure in check.

In contrast, the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) recommend achieving 140/90mm Hg for patients taking any blood circulation control medications.

Keep Close Tabs on Your Blood Pressure

Chronic hypertension can be the cause of heart failure, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases. Thus, its monitoring and controlling within a specified range are essential.

 The risk of developing cardiovascular diseases varies in the US, European, Asian and African populations. 

ALSO READ: Remedy of Senile High Blood Pressure

A balanced diet, healthy lifestyle, physical activity and quitting smoking can help patients keep hypertension in check. 

The Influence of Deprescribing

Researchers are keeping close tabs on the effects of deprescribing. The findings show that people who continue their previous medication and those who reduce their number of medications have similar control of blood pressure.

Initially, an increase of 3.4mm Hg on average occurred in patients with 150mm Hg systolic pressure. But no significant difference appears in patients with less than 150mm Hg systolic pressure. However, at the end of the study, both groups had similar control over blood pressure. 

The OPTIMISE study is a small scale study, in addition to it, its time duration is also less. There is a need to study the long term effects and more promising outcomes beyond blood pressure. Thus, it helps to determine the safety of deprescribing.

Such a study needs the efforts of a physician, as well as individual patient’s participation.

Consequently, to bring a change in the prescription trends and avoid problems regarding polypharmacy more research needs to be done. There is a strict requirement to monitor the patients and record their responses. This will improve patient compliance and quality of life. 

About the author

Sophia Oliver

The author is a nutrition and dietician graduate who works as a health freelance content writer and as well as a copy editor. Along with other novels, Sophia has also published about many health-related technologies, advancements, and physical fitness. Being an all-rounder makes her stand out in the line.

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