With the occurrence of diabetes increasing at disturbing rates, bone fractures in diabetics is a subject of developing concern. The major kind of diabetes are two:
- Type 1
- Type 2.
The two types of diabetes result in an illness that influences the manner in which the body controls glucose. Since body cells obtain their energy from glucose, it needs insulin, to further release it into the body.
Firstly, individuals with type 1 diabetes cannot produce insulin in their body. However, individuals with type 2 diabetes don’t react to insulin as they should and as a result, they don’t make enough insulin.
Moreover, individuals with type 1 diabetes hold greater risks of bone fractures. Despite this, scientists claim that this still depends upon the severity of the condition of the individual.
Meanwhile, statistical analysis research proved a consistent pattern of higher risk of bone fractures. The research conducted in Europe and the United States showed that diabetes can cause various other problems. These problems included kidney issues, loss of visual perception, issues with feet, and nervous system.
Diabetics and their doctors are usually uninformed of the serious damage they can have – fractures.
Moreover, the healing time of diabetic patients is drawn out up-to 87%. Clinical examinations in people show that diabetes postpones the recuperation process for fractures in patients.
Dr. Tatiane Vilacad is the head researcher at the University of Sheffield’s Mellanby Center for orthopedics. Dr. Vilacad explained the necessity to highlight the more critical hazard that diabetics are facing, to help them with the prevention of bone fractures.
Despite the critical condition in fractures, hip fractures prove to be the most severe as it leads to lower mobility. Dr. Tilcad continued that over 76,000 people in the UK experience hip fractures yearly. Moreover, reports conclude that 20% of the individuals face death while others lose their independence due to the lack of mobility.
Prevention from bone fractures
Richard Eastell is a Professor of Bone Metabolism and Director of the University of Sheffield’s Mellanby Center for Bone Research. He explained that medical workers should focus more on bone health in diabetics.
He further explained that highlighting these important issues will eventually lead to bone quality becoming the primary focus of specialists, in diabetics. Dr. Steven Cummings said that diabetics and their doctors are unaware of the risks of fractures.
Hence, it is necessary for patients to communicate with their physicians to understand prevention. He further explained the importance of specialists examining risks, for further treatment and prevention.
As per the National Institute for Health (NIH), the methodologies to treat osteoporosis in individuals with diabetes are equal to those without diabetes.
Significant changes in diet may help the patients re-compensate Calcium or Vitamin deficiency. However, supplements could also be required. Additionally, exercising can also help prevent bone fractures. Likewise, improved adaptabilities also decrease the probability of falling and breaking a bone.
Subsequently, the doctors should emphasize the FRAX treatments to track diabetics with osteoporosis (quality of the reduced bone). Doctors should consider the potential increase in risks associated with diabetes when deciphering the FRAX scores.
The bone thickness can be estimated with the help of X-ray machines of X-beams to check the mineral present in bones. As a rule, just a couple of bones are checked — for the most part in the hip and spine. This helps the doctors to determine further how the bones of a diabetic are performing. To be precise, it makes it easier for further treatments if needed.